Task:  504 – Identify characteristics of infant development

Study guide for Chapter 5:  Development from Birth to Age Two

Fill in the blanks using the words in the word bank:

Rooting                Sucking                Babinski                              Moro                    Stepping               Palmar Grasp

1.  The __________________reflex happens when you stroke the bottom of the infant’s foot from heel to toe and the toes fan out, curl, and the foot twists in.

2.  The _________________ reflex helps the infant obtain food for survival.

3.  The _________________ reflex causes infants to turn their heads towards anything that touches their face.

4.  The _________________reflex is also known as the startle reflex.

5.  The _________________ reflex is when you touch the infant’s palms and his hands will grip tightly.

6.  The _________________ reflex is when the baby make a stepping motion when the feet are placed on a surface.


7.  Failure to thrive means a child is:

8.  ____________________ means what a child learns from the world around them.

     ______________________ means what traits a child inherits from parents.

9.  Young babies do not know that objects exist even when _________________________________.

10.  Describe the eyesight of newborns:

11.  What is telegraphic speech?____________________________________________________

Give an example:_________________________________________________________________

12.  What does it mean for an infant to be passive?


13.  True or False:  Some infants are born with a highly irritable temperament.  What does this mean for their behavior?


14.  Infants have different activity ______________________ from birth.


15.  Deferred imitation means a child _________________________________________________.

16.  A newborn has weak _____________  ___________________.

17.  Motor sequence means:___________________________________________.

18.  T    F    Babies should always be put to sleep on their stomachs.

19.  What are some signs of attachment that a baby might show?

20.  At what age does separation anxiety become the worst?

21.  When do infants begin showing lots of emotions?

22.  Why is it important to talk and sing to an infant?




Answer the following in complete sentences:

  1.  How can you test a child to see if he/she understands object permanence?




  1.  Explain the concept of deferred imitation:





  1.  What are three ways that you could help a child deal with separation anxiety when the parents leave?




  1.  What do you think influences the behavior of infants more:  heredity or environment?